In 1877 a young would-be physician walked into the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary and met an attending physician who seemed already to know everything there was to know about him just by making a few astute observations. Dr. Joseph Bell had a habit of showing off his highly refined detective skills in order to impress upon his students the importance of taking a careful survey of a patient before launching into treatment.
This so impressed medical student and writer Arthur Conan Doyle that when he published A Study in Scarlet, his first detective novel, nearly a decade later, Dr. Joseph Bell’s mad skills of observation showed up in the habits of a brilliant consultant named Sherlock Holmes.
When asked about his inspiration for his beloved consulting detective, Conan Doyle always answered that the character was drawn from Joseph Bell, himself a famous surgeon and forensic scientist known for drawing large conclusions from minute evidence. The two had worked closely together for a few years, as Conan Doyle clerked for Bell, a kind of Dr. Watson to his Sherlock. It probably makes sense that Bell might show up in his student’s work.
I recently became re-introduced to Sherlock Holmes when my oldest son discovered him. My son cut his teeth on the BBC show Sherlock in which the modern-day Holmes is brilliantly portrayed by Benedict Cumberbatch, but then he made this mama proud by plowing his way through Arthur Conan Doyle’s original works as well.
So, when he recently turned fourteen, we celebrated with a Sherlock Holmes party, complete with a mystery to solve, a deerstalker to wear, and a little brother dressed up as John Watson. He made a good Sherlock, though I’m happy to report he’s a little more socially aware than the character.
Despite Conan Doyle’s repeated claim, there were likely other influences that contributed to the development of Sherlock Holmes as well. Edgar Allan Poe essentially created the detective fiction genre and Conan Doyle had been known to praise his efforts. The contemporary works of Émile Gaboriau also seem to echo at times through the character of Sherlock Holmes. And then there was Joseph Bell’s own claim in a letter to his former student in which he wrote, “You are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it.”
I don’t blame him one bit for rejecting the honor. Holmes is something of a single-minded sociopath with little use for other people and a significant cocaine addiction. He’s a fascinating character and if I’m ever falsely accused of murder, I’ll want someone just like him on the case. But I wouldn’t want to hang out with him.
Because many of the people I do hang out with regularly are writers, I’m not surprised to read that Conan Doyle’s most famous character was inspired by someone he knew. That kind of goes with the territory when you are friends with a writer.
I even once had a professor who boldly confessed that the “friend” character in every novel he’d ever written was almost exactly based on a boy he’d known growing up. I’ve never done anything so blatant. None of my characters has ever been intentionally patterned off someone in my life, but I’m sure if I really thought about it, I could recognize bits of those I know and love within my work.
I suspect that’s true of most fiction writers. Like Conan Doyle’s famous detective, we draw inspiration from a variety of places—ourselves, great books, and yes, occasionally from people we know. I guess that might bother some folks. Maybe it bothers you. It just kind of makes me want to be the type of person who could inspire a great character.
And that sounds like a good goal for 2019.
Happy New Year!
9 thoughts on “The World’s Favorite Sociopath: A Goal for 2019”
i love this
Thanks! Are you a Sherlock Holmes fan, or are you just a high functioning sociopath? 😉
I do enjoy Sherlock, but maybe it’s both )
Happy New Year to you too, Sarah – although I’ve wished so many people Happy New Year I’m not sure who and when and if I’m repeating myself. Sherlock Holmes seems to be a character I’ve overlooked in life – except for one Arthur Conan Doyle short story called “The Blue Carbuncle”. Perhaps 2019 is the year to make up for this short-coming. I think the snobby phrase “Elementary, my dear Watson” is a phrase that’s put me off reading the novels – even though in fact Sherlock (apparently) never uses the phrase!
He is plenty snobby, but also kind of likeable. You can never have too many happy New Years.
Jeremy Brett portrayed the Sherlock Holmes character the most accurately and authentically. Second most great was Sir Basil Rathbone. The Modern Sherlock story is Great too. I enjoy almost any Sherlock Holmes story, movie, TV show—Doyle created one of the most iconic logical and neurotic characters in all History.
He is a wonderful character with a far-reaching influence.
That’s such a good show!
I’ve half-written a few fiction novels and have written a bunch of stories. Most of them are inspired by someone I know in my personal life. When I published a short story last year, I was nervous about family members/friends reading it as the characters had very similar mindsets to some of them. No one picked up on it, or said anything, at least.
That’s pretty cool that Sherlock Holmes was based on a real person- it doesn’t surprise me though 😉